Police science the role of police in a democratic society frank j remington frank j remington is a professor of law at the university of wisconsin, madison. The discretion allowed at the lower levels of the hierarchy allows police services to spare precious front-line resources while concentrating on those offences that should be enforced in accordance to the police service's values and/or the values of the community the agency serves. This shows that police powers regarding tasers can be used at their discretion and that it is only used in order to benefit the criminal justice system and has been effective in benefitting the justice system. Styles adopted by police officers as a way of thinking about the role of the police and law in society four basic styles of policing(typologies) crime fighters, social agents, law enforcers, & watchmen. History debate about the notion of police discretion ignited in 1956, after an american bar association study claimed to have discovered it, an austin peay state university syllabus outline stated.
Police discretion is a very important approach in matters concerning criminal justice there has been a consistent problem between enforcing the law and the spirit of the law. Defining crackdowns this guide deals with crackdowns, a response police commonly use to address crime and disorder problems the term crackdown is widely used in reference to policing and law enforcement, although it is often used rather loosely. It looks like you've lost connection to our server please check your internet connection or reload this page. It is widely regarded that the police in any given society have a difficult job to fulfill dealing with criminals and placing themselves in harms way on a day to day basis is indeed, an admirable calling although seen as difficult, there is an underlying sentiment in the general public that the.
Police is a civil servanthis main aim is to keep society goodhe is very crucial in keeping society goodhe is the one to keep politicians,ias officers,doctors,engineers,etc people in a moral wayhe is the one who knows how to punish culprits to keep in a ethical way. Police officers wear many hats when fulfilling their role in society in particular, police are involved in community building and crime prevention the community-oriented policing model has helped dispel the myth that cops spend most of their day cruising in a squad car, writing speeding tickets. Police discretion the use of discretion in law enforcement is extremely important to a police officers mission unfortunately, special interests, politicians, and corruption have taken its toll on the use of discretion during an officers work day.
Introduction discretion is the latitude granted officials to act under a formal set of rules and in a public capacity the rules themselves are usually the result of discretion by other actors in the criminal justice system, such as the legislature, which has created the criminal code for the jurisdiction. The police are important in a democratic society because they provide for the rule of law, which enhances civic trust and helps maintain social order equality under the law is a basic principle of a democratic society democracies require high levels of civic trust because democratic governments. Why is there no mention of lack of training for the public on how the need to act when police are involved, or the proliferation of guns in our society or the violent nature of large segments of. Start studying chapter 5 the police role in society learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools importance of law, and. Community relations services toolkit for policing • importance of police-community relationships and resources for further reading page 2 police should acknowledge the history of racial minorities and others who have faced injustice at the.
The police work to keep everyone safe and keep order in society through law enforcement agencies that work to prevent crime and apprehend offenders. All in all, this paper will provide an overview of the amount of discretion police officers have, the advantages and disadvantages to police discretion, the effects of police discretion, and overall benefits of controlling discretion. Proactive policing is the practice of deterring criminal activity by showing police presence and engaging the public to learn their concerns, thereby preventing crime from taking place in the first place in contrast, responding to a complaint after a crime has been committed is reactive policing. Living in a society where the police had no discretion and, instead, had to enforce every law to the letter would have its good points and its bad points on the good side, there would be little. Effective policing and crime prevention the police function is much broader than and an added benefit is it appropriately places the responsibility for crime.
- some police officers delibrerately abuse the amount of discretion and become involved in misconduct - it is difficult to limit officers' discretionary power because of the varying situations that officers encounter on a regular basis. Police discretion allows law enforcement officials to effectively make decisions in the field when no clear-cut solution is illuminated by law or a handbook this trend in police work has many advantages such as allowing officers the flexibility to handle each situation in a manner that best fits its individual needs. police discretion jocelyn golphin university of the district of columbia criminal justice system 2/21/2014 golphin 2 police discretion is a very important approach in matters concerning criminal justice there has been a consistent problem between enforcing the law and the spirit of the law. Learn what constitutes police discretion examine several examples of police discretion and review the pros and cons to understand why people are for and against the use of police discretion.
Discretion is judgment officers use discretion everyday and it is an important component of the criminal process nevertheless, we are often reminded that officers have a duty to act. For juveniles, the police role is considered especially important because young persons' views and attitudes toward law enforcement are shaped by their first encounter with a police officer juvenile offenders are involved in a disproportionately large number of crimes relative to their. Police culture have focused on describing the shared values, attitudes, and norms cre- ated within the occupational and organizational environments of policing (paoline, 2004, p 205.
Certainly if the sources of discretion included individual police officer prejudice, whim or caprice, this would be completely wrong, but there are other, more important causes of discretion, as we have discussed.